In accordance with the 'Gillick' judgement and the principles of the 1989 Children Act, teachers and lecturers are entitled to make reasonable professional judgements on this issue - recognising that young people are entitled to progressively more control over matters affecting them as they mature.
You must exercise your own judgment about whether disclosing a secret to senior staff, parents or police is in the child's best interests.
Schools and colleges should have a policy on confidentiality. If the matter is highly sensitive, it is appropriate for you to discuss the confidential information with a senior colleague and if you are called upon by your headteacher to reveal a disclosure, you are professionally bound to do so.
You must also always pass on information about allegations of child abuse to the person designated under child protection procedures.
If the disclosure relates to a child protection issue, then you have a specific obligation to report it. Remember to inform the student concerned if you decide that you have to pass on her/his confidential disclosure to another person.
At all times, pupils must be clear whether their confidentiality will be respected. Ideally, the position should be explained before any disclosures are made. However, if you consider that information already given must be passed on, this must be made plain to the pupil.
Advice on contraception
You can give information on contraception to individual pupils under 16 who request it, even if their parents have withdrawn them from sex education lessons. However, you should not give advice, for example, on which method to use.
You should refer pupils to the appropriate health professional or clinic, and be guided by the sex education policy at your school/college. If in doubt, ask your headteacher/principal.