The school or college discipline policy should state clearly what sanctions are available and who has the power to impose them.
Under the Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006, teachers have powers to search pupils for knives and offensive weapons, without the pupil's consent.
Confiscating pupils' property is a legitimate sanction provided that there is a good reason for so doing (as set out in the school rules) and that the length of time the article is confiscated is reasonable.
The Education and Inspections Act 2006 sets out clear rules as to who can give a detention, when it can take place, what notice must be given and whether parents can opt out.
The government guidance on the Education and Inspections Act 2006, gives all staff in maintained schools in England and Wales legal rights to discipline pupils. This page provides an overview of those powers.