Employees have health and safety duties as well as employers. This reflects the fact that for good safety management it is essential for the employer and employees to work together.
It is now illegal to use asbestos in the construction or refurbishment of any premises, yet it is estimated that more than 1.5 million workplace properties still contain some form of asbestos.
It is possible to claim compensation for ill health or injury at work by instituting legal proceedings for personal injury under civil law, which essentially deals with problems between individuals.
In most schools there are pupils who may need to take medication during school hours for long or short-term medical needs, or in emergency situations. The administering of medication to pupils is a common source of concern for education staff.
The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order consolidates all previous fire safety legislation. It requires employers to carry out fire risk assessments to examine and control the likelihood of a fire starting, and the consequences of a fire if one were to start.
Employers are under a general duty to ensure the health, safety and welfare of employees, so far as is reasonably practicable. This requirement extends to protecting employees and others from temperature extremes.
Taking students off-site covers a vast range of activities. Outdoor education enjoys a long tradition and it is estimated that over one million educational trips take place each year. ATL believes that these activities are an essential part of any young person's learning.
Regulations made under health and safety legislation are sometimes supplemented by Codes of Practice approved and/or issued by the Health and Safety Commission.
The law relating to health and safety issues for work with computers is contained in the Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992, which define a 'user' as an employee who habitually uses display screen equipment as a significant part of their normal work.
Health and safety laws clearly place most health and safety duties with the employer.